Welcome to Unschooling Canada AssociationJoin Us for Unschooling 101 - Live monthly information sessions free for members
We are a non-profit association of people interested in unschooling in Canada. We are pro-education and believe that academic learning occurs outside the four "B"s of school systems: buildings, buses, budgets and bottoms-in-seats. School is only one way to acquire an education. There are many others ways to learn and unschooling is a valid method which enhances children's inate love of learning.
UCA is funded through annual membership fees, donations from interested individuals, and an annual online Conference.
Education in the NewsFraser Institute Report Released on Canadian Homeschooling 2015 Fraser Institute Report Executive Summary
Our Vision: To gain recognition and acceptance that self-determined learning (unschooling) is a valid educational choice for learners.
Our Mission: To provide support, advocacy and inclusive sharing of information and resources for those interested in unschooling.
What is unschooling?
In short, unschooling is the educational philosophy of free learning. Students choose what they want to learn (content), when they want to learn it (age 6, 16, or 60), and how they want to learn it (by teacher-taught classroom, online, textbook, or self-taught), instead of the government dictating what they have to learn.
All human beings learn. Every minute. Every day. The question is; who decides what the human learns? Who is in control of the information, attitudes, and skill acquisition? We believe that it is always the learner themselves.
There are basically three ways to acquire an education: school (teacher-directed), home-education (parent-directed), and unschooling (self-determined).
The long definition of unschooling is that it is a philosophy and a lifestyle of educational freedom, on the basis that the natural curiosity of a healthy child, given access to a rich and stimulating environment, will lead the child to learn what he or she needs to know, in the time frame that he or she needs it, with the resources/curriculum he or she chooses to use. The learner is self-determined and often (but not always) self-taught. Unschooling is also called child-led learning. There is no planned curriculum unless the learner decides to use one. It is learning with total freedom of methods, resources, goals, and assessment.
How many people in Canada unschool?
There are about 100,000 homeschooled children in Canada, or about 1% of the school-aged population. Of those home-schoolers, approximately 10% (10,000 learners) take the free-learning approach called unschooling.
How do I unschool?
Let your child explore, play and initiate his own projects. Everything in our world is educational. Assist him when he asks for help or items to use. Be his facilitator rather than his instructor, and you will experience how much children love to learn. You can't force a child to learn, and you can't stop him from learning. Record his projects with a diary, camera or video, and enjoy watching his creativity, initiative, problem-solving and critical thinking.
10 Things to know about Unschooling
- Unschoolers don’t need a diploma to enter post-secondary education. Students need to consult the website of the program they desire to enter to check the application requirements. For most post-secondary education choices in Canada, demonstration of mastery of four core courses (Math, English, Science, and Social Studies) and one option at the grade 12 level are required, or a transfer from a post-secondary institution.
- The minimum resources for unschooling include a library card, an internet connection, unstructured time and a an adult available to assist the learner in accessing resources.
- Unschooled does not mean uneducated. Unschooling has to meet the individual provincial governments' outcomes for home education, but it can be done in different ways and within a time period suited to the learner. Even without using curriculum, most outcomes will be reached by the age of 18.
- Unschooling is not homeschooling. Homeschooling is a school format replicated in the home. Unschooling is learner-determined and is often self-taught. If the learner chooses direct instruction, a teacher is helpful. A structured program is also an option, but is not mandatory, and the learner (rather than the government institution), can most effectively determine if the learner thrives better in a structured or unstructured learning environment.
- Unschooling is not the same as “self-directed", "inquiry-based", or "self-paced” courses offered by schools, that let the learner decide the pace of the course, but not the content. It's why we don't use the term, "self-directed", and call it "self-determined". Unschooling is about the learner’s content, pace, sequence, and agenda; not those of the government, and is best done in a traditional home education program where the parent or learner has total control of the education philosophy.
- Unschoolers may choose any resource, including video games, curriculum, classes, textbooks and teachers, as long as the learning is desired and motivated by the student. Learners who desire explicit instruction will seek it out. Learning is never forced, coerced or bribed.
- Unschooling is legal, and is accepted in all Canada provinces by the supervising school boards and authorities. Parents have the highest authority to make decisions about their child's education (See #3 below). Currently, there is little evidence-based research about the outcomes of unschooling in the home, mainly because many unschoolers are philosophically opposed to standardized testing. Thus, most expert-opinion about the effectiveness of unschooling is not based on evidence, but upon opinion, some enlightened and some not. Two schools (see research) based on unschooling principles have been educating learners since 1921, and are excellent examples of the effectiveness of learner-determined education philosophy.
- Unschooling is not neglectful. Unschooling is overseen by an adult who supports learning by providing desired resources and unlimited time. Peter Gray, PhD in Psychology, and Professor at Boston College, has research that suggests the more years that children are in structured, imposed learning such as school and homeschooling, the less likely they will choose to go on to post-secondary education. See Articles and Research for the source.
- Unschooling is not permissive parenting. It is facilitating intrinsic motivation and a lifelong love of learning.
- Unschooling is a valid educational option for any learner.
Article 26 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- (1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
- (2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
- (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.